Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4382 Wyberba Queensland
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most significant influences on the development of music that is popular throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is nearly universal in the blues, the blues is basically a a type that is vocal. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; blues vocalists are expressing feelings rather than telling stories. The emotion expressed is typically one of melancholy or depression, often due to problems in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques for example melisma (prolonging one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques including syncopation, and instrumental techniques including “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or applying a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is characterized by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure kind. Usually the first two and a half measures of each line are committed to the last measure, singing and a half composed of an instrumental “break” that recurs, answers, or complements the vocal line. In terms of practical (i.e., conventional European) harmony, the most straightforward blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Wyberba 4382 Queensland.
African influences are noticeable in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain structure of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are badly documented. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and largely played blues.
The earliest references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became quite popular, and thereafter many other Tin Pan Alley tunes entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues grown in Texas, Georgia and the Carolinas, three principal regions, and Mississippi. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Affected by white and ragtime folk music, it’s more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles.
High, clear singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist typically of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was by far the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most influential and is the most intense of the three styles. Vocally, it is the most language-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a bottleneck or a slide is often used. The Mississippi style is signified by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4382 Wyberba Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photos]The first blues recordings were made in the 1920s by black women including Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were mainly stage vocalists backed by jazz bands; their style is referred to as classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographical dispersal of the blues. The blues became adapted to the more complex urban surroundings. The harmonica that was amplified and the electric guitar created a driving sound of great psychological and rhythmic intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit:
It was Chicago, nevertheless, that played the greatest part in the development of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers. After World War II they were supplanted by a new generation of bluesmen that included Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
Many other musical styles have been affected by the blues. Jazz and blues are closely connected; such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong employed blues elements in their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues additionally show obvious blues tonalities and forms. The blues have had their biggest impact on rock music.
Blues content was frequently used by early rock singers like Elvis Presley. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and notably the Rolling Stones, were strongly affected by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Wyberba 4382 Queensland