Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4370 Willowvale Queensland
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most important influences on the development of popular music throughout America.
Although instrumental accompaniment is virtually universal in the blues, the blues is basically a a form that is vocal. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; blues singers are expressing feelings as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is usually one of sadness or melancholy, commonly due to difficulties in love.
As a musical style, the blues is characterized by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure form. Generally the first two and a half measures of each line are dedicated to the last measure, singing and a half consisting of an instrumental “break” that recurs, answers, or complements the vocal line.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Willowvale 4370 Queensland.
African influences are noticeable in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain arrangement of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are poorly recorded. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). It was influenced by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white people. Blues derived from and was mainly played by Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers.
The first references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became quite popular, and thereafter many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues developed in three main areas, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of beat. Affected by ragtime and white folk music, it’s more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles.
The Texas blues is defined by high, clean singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist typically of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most influential and is the most extreme of the three styles. Vocally, it’s the most language-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a slide or bottleneck is frequently used. The Mississippi style is symbolized by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4370 Willowvale Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photographs]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women for example Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is referred to as classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographic dispersal of the blues. The blues became adapted to the more advanced urban surroundings. The electric guitar and the amplified harmonica created a driving sound of great rhythmic and emotional intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit:
It was Chicago, nevertheless, that played the greatest role in the development of urban blues.
The blues have influenced many other musical styles. Blues and jazz are closely associated; such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong employed blues elements in their music. Soul music and rhythm and blues also reveal forms and clear blues tonalities. The blues have had their greatest effect on rock music.
Early rock singers for example Elvis Presley regularly used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, notably the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were powerfully influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Mike Bloomfield, Paul Butterfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Willowvale 4370 Queensland