Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4562 Weyba Downs
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most significant influences on the growth of popular music throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is nearly universal in the blues, the blues is essentially a a kind that is vocal. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; feelings are being expressed by blues vocalists as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is typically one of melancholy or sadness, commonly due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques such as melisma (prolonging one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques for example syncopation, and instrumental techniques including “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or applying a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is defined by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure type. Usually the first two and a half measures of each line are devoted to the last measure, singing and a half comprising an instrumental “break” that responses, repeats, or complements the vocal line. In terms of practical (i.e., traditional European) harmony, the most straightforward blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4562 Weyba Downs.
African influences are apparent in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, notably the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are poorly recorded. Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and mostly played blues.
The first references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became very popular, and afterward many other Tin Pan Alley tunes entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues developed in Mississippi, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and three principal areas. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Affected by white and ragtime folk music, it’s more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
High, sharp singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist typically of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was by far the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most extreme of the three styles and has been the most powerful. Vocally, it truly is the most language-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a slide or bottleneck is often used. The Mississippi style is represented by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Weyba Downs 4562 Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photos]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women for example Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were mostly stage vocalists backed by jazz bands; their style is known as classic blues.
The Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographical dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adapted to the more advanced urban surroundings. The harmonica that was amplified and the electric guitar created a driving sound of rhythmic and emotional intensity that was great.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities in which the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis.
It was Chicago, nevertheless, that played the greatest role in the growth of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers. After World War II they were supplanted by a new generation of bluesmen that included Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
The blues have influenced many other musical styles. Blues and jazz are closely connected; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong in their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues also show forms and clear blues tonalities. The blues have had their biggest effect on rock music.
Blues material was regularly used by early rock singers such as Elvis Presley. British rock musicians in the 1960s, especially the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were strongly influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Weyba Downs 4562 Queensland