Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Watalgan 4670 Queensland
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most important influences on the growth of popular music throughout America.
Although instrumental accompaniment is almost universal in the blues, the blues is basically a vocal form. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; blues vocalists are expressing feelings instead of telling stories. The emotion expressed is usually one of melancholy or depression, commonly due to problems in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques including melisma (sustaining an individual syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques for example syncopation, and instrumental techniques including “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or using a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
Typically the first two and a half measures of each line are committed to the last measure, singing and a half consisting of an instrumental “break” that complements the vocal line, responses, or recurs.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4670 Watalgan.
African influences are evident in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, especially the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are badly documented. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). Blues derived from and was mainly played by Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers.
The earliest references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became quite popular, and afterwards many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photos]The rural blues developed in the Carolinas, Georgia and three main areas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Impacted by ragtime and white folk music, it’s more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
The Texas blues is defined by high, sharp singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist typically of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most powerful and is the most intense of the three styles. Vocally, it is the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a bottleneck or a slide is often used. The Mississippi style is signified by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Watalgan 4670 Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Pictures]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women such as Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is referred to as classic blues.
The Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographical dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adjusted to the more sophisticated urban environment. Lyrics took up urban themes, as the solo bluesman was joined by a pianist or harmonica player and then by a rhythm section consisting of drums and bass and the blues ensemble developed. The harmonica that was amplified and the electric guitar created a driving sound of great emotional and rhythmic intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities in which the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis. John Lee Hooker settled in Detroit, and on the West Coast Aaron (“T-Bone”) Walker developed a style later adopted by Riley (“B.B.”) King.
It was Chicago, however, that played the greatest part in the development of urban blues. After World War II they were supplanted by a new generation of bluesmen that included Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
The blues have affected many other musical styles. Blues and jazz are closely associated; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong within their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues additionally reveal obvious blues tonalities and shapes. The blues have had their greatest impact on rock music.
Blues content was often used by rock singers such as Elvis Presley. British rock musicians in the 1960s, notably the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were strongly influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Mike Bloomfield, Paul Butterfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4670 Watalgan Queensland