Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Warwick 4370 Queensland
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most important influences on the growth of popular music throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is nearly worldwide in the blues, the blues is essentially a vocal type. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; blues singers are expressing feelings as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is typically one of depression or melancholy, commonly due to problems in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques including melisma (keeping up one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques including syncopation, and instrumental techniques such as “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or implementing a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is defined by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure kind. Commonly the first two and a half measures of each line are dedicated to singing, the last measure and a half consisting of an instrumental “break” that responses, repeats, or complements the vocal line. In terms of functional (i.e., conventional European) harmony, the most straightforward blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4370 Warwick Queensland.
African influences are noticeable in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, notably the guitar and harmonica.
The origins of the blues are badly recorded. It was determined by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white people. Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and largely played blues.
The first references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became quite popular, and thereafter many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues developed in Mississippi, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and three principal areas. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of beat. Influenced by white and ragtime folk music, it is more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles.
The Texas blues is characterized by high, clear singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist typically of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most intense of the three styles and has been the most powerful. Vocally, it’s the most language-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a slide or bottleneck is frequently used. The Mississippi style is signified by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4370 Warwick.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photographs]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women such as Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were chiefly stage vocalists backed by jazz bands; their style is referred to as classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographical dispersal of the blues. The blues became adjusted to the more sophisticated urban environment. The electric guitar and the amplified harmonica created a driving sound of emotional and rhythmic intensity that was great.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit:
It was Chicago, nevertheless, that played the greatest role in the development of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers. After World War II they were supplanted by a new generation of bluesmen that contained Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
Many other musical styles have been affected by the blues. Jazz and blues are closely connected; such seminal jazzmen as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton employed blues elements within their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues also show clear blues tonalities and forms. The blues have had their greatest effect on rock music.
Rock singers like Elvis Presley often used blues material. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and especially the Rolling Stones, were strongly affected by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4370 Warwick Queensland