Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Thargomindah 4492 Queensland
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most significant influences on the growth of music that is popular throughout America.
Although instrumental accompaniment is almost worldwide in the blues, the blues is basically a a form that is vocal. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; blues vocalists are expressing feelings rather than telling stories. The emotion expressed is usually one of sadness or melancholy, often due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques including melisma (sustaining a single syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques such as syncopation, and instrumental techniques for example “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or applying a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
Generally the first two and a half measures of each line are dedicated to singing, the last measure and a half comprising an instrumental “break” that recurs, replies, or complements the vocal line. In terms of practical (i.e., traditional European) harmony, the simplest blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4492 Thargomindah Queensland.
African influences are apparent in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain structure of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The origins of the blues are poorly documented. Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and mostly played blues.
The earliest references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became very popular, and afterward many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photographs]The rural blues grown in three principal areas, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Determined by ragtime and white folk music, it is more melodic than the Mississippi and Texas styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
The Texas blues is defined by high, clean singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist generally of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was by far the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most intense of the three styles and has been the most powerful. Vocally, it truly is the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a bottleneck or a slide is often used. The Mississippi style is signified by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Thargomindah 4492 Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photos]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women such as Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were primarily stage vocalists backed by jazz bands; their style is called classic blues.
The World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographical dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adjusted to the more sophisticated urban surroundings. The electric guitar and the amplified harmonica created a driving sound of rhythmic and emotional intensity that was great.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities in which the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis. John Lee Hooker settled in Detroit, and on the West Coast Aaron (“T-Bone”) Walker developed a style later adopted by Riley (“B.B.”) King.
It was Chicago, nonetheless, that played the greatest role in the growth of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers. After World War II they were supplanted by a brand new generation of bluesmen that included Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
Many other musical styles have been affected by the blues. Blues and jazz are closely connected; such seminal jazzmen as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton employed blues elements within their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues additionally show obvious blues tonalities and forms. The blues have had their greatest impact on rock music.
Early rock singers for example Elvis Presley frequently used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, especially the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were strongly influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4492 Thargomindah