Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4207 Steiglitz
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most significant influences on the growth of music that is popular throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is virtually worldwide in the blues, the blues is basically a vocal type. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; feelings are being expressed by blues vocalists as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is typically one of melancholy or depression, often due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques such as melisma (sustaining just one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques such as syncopation, and instrumental techniques for example “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or employing a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
Commonly the first two and a half measures of each line are devoted to singing, the last measure and a half composed of an instrumental “break” that repeats, responses, or complements the vocal line.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4207 Steiglitz.
African influences are apparent in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the repeated refrain arrangement of the blues stanza, notably the guitar and harmonica.
The origins of the blues are poorly recorded. It was influenced by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white citizenry. Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and largely played blues.
The first references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became quite popular, and thereafter many other Tin Pan Alley tunes entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues grown in Georgia, three principal regions and the Carolinas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Impacted by ragtime and white folk music, it is more melodic than the Mississippi and Texas styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
High, clear singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist usually of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most influential and is the most intense of the three styles. Vocally, it truly is the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a bottleneck or a slide is regularly used. The Mississippi style is symbolized by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4207 Steiglitz Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photos]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women such as Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is known as classic blues.
The Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographical dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adapted to the more sophisticated urban surroundings. The electric guitar and the amplified harmonica created a driving sound of great rhythmic and emotional intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit:
It was Chicago, however, that played the greatest role in the development of urban blues. After World War II they were supplanted by a brand new generation of bluesmen that contained Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
The blues have affected many other musical styles. Blues and jazz are closely connected; such seminal jazzmen as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton employed blues elements in their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues additionally reveal forms and clear blues tonalities. The blues have had their greatest influence on rock music.
Rock singers for example Elvis Presley often used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, notably the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were strongly influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Mike Bloomfield, Paul Butterfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Steiglitz 4207 Queensland