Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4671 Skyring Reserve
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most important influences on the development of popular music throughout the USA.
Although instrumental accompaniment is almost universal in the blues, the blues is essentially a a type that is vocal. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; blues vocalists are expressing feelings as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is generally one of melancholy or sadness, often due to problems in love.
As a musical style, the blues is defined by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure kind. Normally the first two and a half measures of each line are devoted to a half, the last measure and singing composed of an instrumental “break” that answers, recurs, or complements the vocal line.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4671 Skyring Reserve Queensland.
African influences are clear in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain structure of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, especially the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are poorly documented. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). It was affected by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white people. Blues derived from and was largely played by Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers.
The first references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became very popular, and thereafter many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photographs]The rural blues grown in Texas, Georgia and the Carolinas, three principal areas, and Mississippi. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Influenced by white and ragtime folk music, it is more melodic than the Mississippi and Texas styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
High, sharp singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist usually of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most intense of the three styles and has been the most powerful. Vocally, it is the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a slide or bottleneck is regularly used. The Mississippi style is symbolized by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Skyring Reserve 4671 Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Pictures]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women such as Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were mainly stage vocalists backed by jazz bands; their style is known as classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographical dispersal of the blues. The blues became adjusted to the more sophisticated urban surroundings. The electric guitar and the amplified harmonica created a driving sound of rhythmic and psychological intensity that was great.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities in which the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis.
It was Chicago, however, that played the greatest part in the development of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers.
Many other musical styles have been influenced by the blues. Jazz and blues are closely linked; such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong employed blues elements within their music. Soul music and rhythm and blues additionally show obvious blues tonalities and shapes. The blues have had their greatest impact on rock music.
Rock singers such as Elvis Presley frequently used blues material. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and notably the Rolling Stones, were powerfully influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Skyring Reserve 4671 Queensland