Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4625 Woodmillar
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most important influences on the growth of popular music throughout America.
Although instrumental accompaniment is nearly universal in the blues, the blues is basically a a form that is vocal. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; blues vocalists are expressing feelings rather than telling stories. The emotion expressed is typically one of melancholy or sadness, commonly due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques including melisma (sustaining an individual syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques for example syncopation, and instrumental techniques for example “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or employing a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is characterized by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure kind. Generally the first two and a half measures of each line are committed to singing, the last measure and a half consisting of an instrumental “break” that repeats, replies, or complements the vocal line. In terms of functional (i.e., conventional European) harmony, the most straightforward blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4625 Woodmillar.
African influences are obvious in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are poorly documented. It was affected by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white people. Blues derived from and was mostly played by Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers.
The earliest references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became very popular, and afterwards many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photos]The rural blues developed in Mississippi, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and three principal areas. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of beat. Impacted by ragtime and white folk music, it’s more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
The Texas blues is characterized by high, sharp singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist usually of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was by far the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most intense of the three styles and has been the most influential. Vocally, it truly is the most language-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a bottleneck or a slide is often used. The Mississippi style is symbolized by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4625 Woodmillar Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photographs]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women for example Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is known as classic blues.
The Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographic dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adapted to the more complex urban surroundings. The electric guitar and the amplified harmonica created a driving sound of great psychological and rhythmic intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: John Lee Hooker settled in Detroit, and on the West Coast Aaron (“T-Bone”) Walker developed a style later adopted by Riley (“B.B.”) King.
It was Chicago, nevertheless, that played the greatest role in the growth of urban blues. After World War II they were supplanted by a new generation of bluesmen that included Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
The blues have affected many other musical styles. Jazz and blues are closely associated; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton in their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues also reveal clear blues tonalities and shapes. The blues have had their biggest effect on rock music.
Rock singers like Elvis Presley frequently used blues material. British rock musicians in the 1960s, notably the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were powerfully influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Mike Bloomfield, Paul Butterfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Woodmillar 4625 Queensland