Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Wahoon 4625 Queensland
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most important influences on the development of music that is popular throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is nearly worldwide in the blues, the blues is essentially a vocal form. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; blues vocalists are expressing feelings instead of telling stories. The emotion expressed is usually one of sadness or melancholy, often due to problems in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques such as melisma (sustaining one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques such as syncopation, and instrumental techniques including “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or employing a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is defined by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure type. Commonly the first two and a half measures of each line are given to singing, the last measure and a half comprising an instrumental “break” that complements the vocal line, responses, or recurs.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Wahoon 4625 Queensland.
African influences are clear in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are badly recorded. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). Blues derived from and was mainly played by Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers.
The first references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became quite popular, and then many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues grown in the Carolinas, Georgia and three main regions, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of beat. Determined by white and ragtime folk music, it’s more melodic than the Mississippi and Texas styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
High, sharp singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist generally of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was by far the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most powerful and is the most intense of the three styles. Vocally, it’s the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a slide or bottleneck is often used. The Mississippi style is represented by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4625 Wahoon.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photos]The first blues recordings were made in the 1920s by black women like Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were chiefly stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is known as classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographic dispersal of the blues. The blues became adapted to the more sophisticated urban surroundings. The harmonica that was amplified and the electric guitar created a driving sound of great psychological and rhythmic intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit:
It was Chicago, nevertheless, that played the greatest part in the development of urban blues.
The blues have affected many other musical styles. Jazz and blues are closely associated; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton within their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues additionally show shapes and obvious blues tonalities. The blues have had their biggest influence on rock music.
Rock singers such as Elvis Presley regularly used blues material. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and especially the Rolling Stones, were strongly affected by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4625 Wahoon