Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4870 Westcourt Queensland
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most important influences on the growth of music that is popular throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is virtually universal in the blues, the blues is basically a a form that is vocal. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; feelings are being expressed by blues singers instead of telling stories. The emotion expressed is normally one of melancholy or sadness, often due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques including melisma (sustaining a single syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques such as syncopation, and instrumental techniques such as “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or using a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is characterized by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure kind. Normally the first two and a half measures of each line are devoted to singing, the last measure and a half comprising an instrumental “break” that complements the vocal line, answers, or repeats.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4870 Westcourt.
African influences are evident in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the repeated refrain arrangement of the blues stanza, especially the guitar and harmonica.
The origins of the blues are badly recorded. Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and largely played blues.
The first references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became very popular, and thereafter many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues developed in Georgia, three principal areas and the Carolinas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Impacted by ragtime and white folk music, it’s more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles.
The Texas blues is defined by high, clear singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist usually of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most intense of the three styles and has been the most powerful. Vocally, it truly is the most language-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a slide or bottleneck is regularly used. The Mississippi style is represented by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Westcourt 4870 Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photographs]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women such as Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were chiefly stage vocalists backed by jazz bands; their style is called classic blues.
The World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographic dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adapted to the more sophisticated urban surroundings. Lyrics took up urban themes, as the solo bluesman was joined by a pianist or harmonica player and then by a rhythm section consisting of drums and bass and the blues ensemble developed. The harmonica that was amplified and the electric guitar created a driving sound of great emotional and rhythmic intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities where the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis.
It was Chicago, nonetheless, that played the greatest part in the growth of urban blues. After World War II they were supplanted by a new generation of bluesmen that included Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
Many other musical styles have been influenced by the blues. Blues and jazz are closely connected; such seminal jazzmen as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton employed blues elements within their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues also show shapes and apparent blues tonalities. The blues have had their greatest influence on rock music.
Early rock singers such as Elvis Presley often used blues material. British rock musicians in the 1960s, notably the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were strongly affected by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Westcourt 4870 Queensland