Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4742 Valkyrie Queensland
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most important influences on the growth of popular music throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is nearly worldwide in the blues, the blues is essentially a vocal form. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; feelings are being expressed by blues singers as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is usually one of melancholy or sadness, commonly due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques such as melisma (prolonging one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques for example syncopation, and instrumental techniques for example “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or applying a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
Normally the first two and a half measures of each line are devoted to singing, the last measure and a half consisting of an instrumental “break” that replies, recurs, or complements the vocal line. When it comes to practical (i.e., conventional European) harmony, the most straightforward blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4742 Valkyrie Queensland.
African influences are clear in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, especially the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are poorly recorded. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). Blues derived from and was largely played by Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers.
The first references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became very popular, and then many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues developed in Mississippi, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and three main areas. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of beat. Impacted by ragtime and white folk music, it is more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
The Texas blues is defined by high, clear singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist typically of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most extreme of the three styles and has been the most powerful. Vocally, it is the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a bottleneck or a slide is regularly used. The Mississippi style is represented by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4742 Valkyrie.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Pictures]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women for example Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were mainly stage vocalists backed by jazz bands; their style is called classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographic dispersal of the blues. The blues became adapted to the more advanced urban environment. Lyrics took up urban themes, and the blues ensemble developed as the solo bluesman was joined by a pianist or harmonica player and then by a rhythm section consisting of drums and bass. The amplified harmonica and the electric guitar created a driving sound of emotional and rhythmic intensity that was great.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities in which the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis.
It was Chicago, however, that played the greatest part in the growth of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers. After World War II they were supplanted by a brand new generation of bluesmen that contained Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
Many other musical styles have been affected by the blues. Blues and jazz are closely linked; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong in their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues additionally show shapes and obvious blues tonalities. The blues have had their largest influence on rock music.
Rock singers like Elvis Presley frequently used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and especially the Rolling Stones, were powerfully influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4742 Valkyrie