Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4714 Walterhall
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most important influences on the growth of music that is popular throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is virtually universal in the blues, the blues is essentially a vocal type. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; blues vocalists are expressing feelings instead of telling stories. The emotion expressed is typically one of sadness or melancholy, commonly due to problems in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques for example melisma (sustaining a single syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques such as syncopation, and instrumental techniques including “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or implementing a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is defined by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure kind. Generally the first two and a half measures of each line are committed to singing, the last measure and a half consisting of an instrumental “break” that complements the vocal line, answers, or repeats.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4714 Walterhall.
African influences are clear in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are poorly documented. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). It was influenced by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white population. Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and largely played blues.
The first references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became quite popular, and then many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photos]The rural blues developed in Texas, Georgia and the Carolinas, three main areas, and Mississippi. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of beat. Influenced by ragtime and white folk music, it’s more melodic than the Mississippi and Texas styles.
The Texas blues is defined by high, clear singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist generally of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most powerful and is the most extreme of the three styles. Vocally, it’s the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a slide or bottleneck is frequently used. The Mississippi style is represented by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4714 Walterhall Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photos]The first blues recordings were made in the 1920s by black women for example Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were primarily stage vocalists backed by jazz bands; their style is called classic blues.
The World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographic dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adjusted to the more complex urban surroundings. Lyrics took up urban themes, and the blues ensemble developed as the solo bluesman was joined by a pianist or harmonica player and then by a rhythm section consisting of bass and drums. The harmonica that was amplified and the electric guitar created a driving sound of great psychological and rhythmic intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: John Lee Hooker settled in Detroit, and on the West Coast Aaron (“T-Bone”) Walker developed a style later adopted by Riley (“B.B.”) King.
It was Chicago, nevertheless, that played the greatest role in the growth of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers.
The blues have affected many other musical styles. Blues and jazz are closely related; such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong employed blues elements within their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues additionally reveal apparent blues tonalities and forms. The blues have had their largest impact on rock music.
Blues material was frequently used by rock singers such as Elvis Presley. British rock musicians in the 1960s, notably the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were powerfully influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Walterhall 4714 Queensland