Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Tieri 4709 Queensland
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most significant influences on the growth of music that is popular throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is virtually universal in the blues, the blues is basically a a kind that is vocal. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; feelings are being expressed by blues singers as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is normally one of depression or melancholy, often due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques including melisma (sustaining just one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques for example syncopation, and instrumental techniques for example “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or using a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
Normally the first two and a half measures of each line are given to singing, the last measure and a half composed of an instrumental “break” that recurs, answers, or complements the vocal line. In terms of functional (i.e., conventional European) harmony, the simplest blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4709 Tieri Queensland.
African influences are clear in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The origins of the blues are badly recorded. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and mostly played blues.
The first references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became very popular, and afterward many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photographs]The rural blues developed in three main regions, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of beat. Impacted by ragtime and white folk music, it’s more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles.
High, clean singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist usually of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most extreme of the three styles and has been the most powerful. Vocally, it is the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a bottleneck or a slide is regularly used. The Mississippi style is signified by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4709 Tieri Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Pictures]The first blues recordings were made in the 1920s by black women including Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were mostly stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is referred to as classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographic dispersal of the blues. The blues became adapted to the more advanced urban surroundings. Lyrics took up urban themes, as the solo bluesman was joined by a pianist or harmonica player and then by a rhythm section consisting of drums and bass and the blues ensemble developed. The amplified harmonica and the electric guitar created a driving sound of great rhythmic and psychological intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities where the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis.
It was Chicago, nonetheless, that played the greatest part in the development of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers. After World War II they were supplanted by a new generation of bluesmen that contained Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
The blues have influenced many other musical styles. Jazz and blues are closely related; such seminal jazzmen as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton employed blues elements within their music. Soul music and rhythm and blues also show forms and obvious blues tonalities. The blues have had their largest impact on rock music.
Rock singers like Elvis Presley often used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and notably the Rolling Stones, were strongly affected by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4709 Tieri Queensland