Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4671 Takilberan Queensland
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most important influences on the growth of popular music throughout America.
Although instrumental accompaniment is almost worldwide in the blues, the blues is basically a vocal kind. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; blues singers are expressing feelings as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is normally one of melancholy or sadness, commonly due to problems in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques including melisma (keeping up an individual syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques including syncopation, and instrumental techniques such as “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or using a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
Commonly the first two and a half measures of each line are committed to a half, the last measure and singing comprising an instrumental “break” that responses, recurs, or complements the vocal line.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4671 Takilberan.
African influences are evident in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are badly documented. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). It was determined by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white people. Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and mainly played blues.
The earliest references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became quite popular, and afterward many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photos]The rural blues developed in Mississippi, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and three principal areas. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of beat. Impacted by white and ragtime folk music, it is more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
High, sharp singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist usually of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most intense of the three styles and has been the most influential. Vocally, it’s the most language-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a slide or bottleneck is frequently used. The Mississippi style is signified by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4671 Takilberan Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photos]The first blues recordings were made in the 1920s by black women such as Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is known as classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographical dispersal of the blues. The blues became adjusted to the more complex urban environment. Lyrics took up urban themes, and the blues ensemble developed as the solo bluesman was joined by a pianist or harmonica player and then by a rhythm section consisting of bass and drums. The amplified harmonica and the electric guitar created a driving sound of psychological and rhythmic intensity that was great.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: John Lee Hooker settled in Detroit, and on the West Coast Aaron (“T-Bone”) Walker developed a style later adopted by Riley (“B.B.”) King.
It was Chicago, nevertheless, that played the greatest part in the development of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers. After World War II they were supplanted by a new generation of bluesmen that contained Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
The blues have affected many other musical styles. Blues and jazz are closely related; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton in their music. Soul music and rhythm and blues additionally show obvious blues tonalities and shapes. The blues have had their largest effect on rock music.
Rock singers like Elvis Presley often used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, especially the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were strongly affected by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Mike Bloomfield, Paul Butterfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Takilberan 4671 Queensland