Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4662 Torbanlea Queensland
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most significant influences on the growth of popular music throughout the USA.
Although instrumental accompaniment is virtually universal in the blues, the blues is essentially a vocal kind. Blues songs are lyrical rather than narrative; feelings are being expressed by blues vocalists rather than telling stories. The emotion expressed is normally one of depression or melancholy, commonly due to problems in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques for example melisma (sustaining an individual syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques for example syncopation, and instrumental techniques for example “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or applying a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is characterized by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure kind. Typically the first two and a half measures of each line are committed to singing, the last measure and a half comprising an instrumental “break” that complements the vocal line, replies, or repeats.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4662 Torbanlea.
African influences are apparent in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the repeated refrain structure of the blues stanza, notably the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are poorly documented. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and largely played blues.
The first references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became quite popular, and afterwards many other Tin Pan Alley tunes entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues grown in three main areas, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Determined by white and ragtime folk music, it’s more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
High, clean singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist usually of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most influential and is the most extreme of the three styles. Vocally, it is the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a bottleneck or a slide is often used. The Mississippi style is signified by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Torbanlea 4662 Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Pictures]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women like Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is called classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographical dispersal of the blues. The blues became adapted to the more sophisticated urban environment. The amplified harmonica and the electric guitar created a driving sound of great rhythmic and emotional intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: John Lee Hooker settled in Detroit, and on the West Coast Aaron (“T-Bone”) Walker developed a style later adopted by Riley (“B.B.”) King.
It was Chicago, however, that played the greatest role in the development of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers.
The blues have affected many other musical styles. Blues and jazz are closely associated; such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong employed blues elements within their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues additionally show apparent blues tonalities and forms. The blues have had their largest effect on rock music.
Rock singers such as Elvis Presley frequently used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, especially the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were powerfully influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4662 Torbanlea