Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Wattle Camp 4615 Queensland
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most significant influences on the development of music that is popular throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is almost universal in the blues, the blues is basically a a kind that is vocal. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; blues singers are expressing feelings instead of telling stories. The emotion expressed is generally one of sadness or melancholy, commonly due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques including melisma (keeping up an individual syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques for example syncopation, and instrumental techniques including “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or implementing a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is characterized by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure form. Normally the first two and a half measures of each line are given to singing, the last measure and a half composed of an instrumental “break” that complements the vocal line, responses, or repeats. When it comes to practical (i.e., conventional European) harmony, the simplest blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4615 Wattle Camp Queensland.
African influences are apparent in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain structure of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, especially the guitar and harmonica.
The origins of the blues are badly recorded. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). It was determined by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white inhabitants. Blues derived from and was mainly played by Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers.
The first references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became quite popular, and afterward many other Tin Pan Alley tunes entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photographs]The rural blues developed in the Carolinas, Georgia and three principal areas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Impacted by white and ragtime folk music, it is more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles.
High, clean singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist generally of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most influential and is the most intense of the three styles. Vocally, it’s the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a bottleneck or a slide is regularly used. The Mississippi style is symbolized by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4615 Wattle Camp.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Pictures]The first blues recordings were made in the 1920s by black women including Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is called classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographical dispersal of the blues. The blues became adapted to the more advanced urban surroundings. Lyrics took up urban themes, as the solo bluesman was joined by a pianist or harmonica player and then by a rhythm section consisting of drums and bass and the blues ensemble developed. The electric guitar and the amplified harmonica created a driving sound of psychological and rhythmic intensity that was great.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit:
It was Chicago, however, that played the greatest role in the growth of urban blues. After World War II they were supplanted by a brand new generation of bluesmen that included Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
The blues have affected many other musical styles. Blues and jazz are closely associated; such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong employed blues elements within their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues also show clear blues tonalities and shapes. The blues have had their largest impact on rock music.
Blues content was frequently used by rock singers like Elvis Presley. British rock musicians in the 1960s, especially the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were powerfully influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4615 Wattle Camp