Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher The Palms 4570 Queensland
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most significant influences on the development of popular music throughout the USA.
Although instrumental accompaniment is virtually worldwide in the blues, the blues is essentially a a kind that is vocal. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; blues singers are expressing feelings as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is typically one of depression or melancholy, often due to problems in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques such as melisma (prolonging just one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques including syncopation, and instrumental techniques including “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or applying a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
As a musical style, the blues is characterized by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure form. Normally the first two and a half measures of each line are dedicated to singing, the last measure and a half composed of an instrumental “break” that answers, recurs, or complements the vocal line. In terms of functional (i.e., traditional European) harmony, the most straightforward blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4570 The Palms.
African influences are obvious in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The origins of the blues are badly documented. It was influenced by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white people. Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and mainly played blues.
The first references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became quite popular, and thereafter many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photos]The rural blues grown in Texas, Georgia and the Carolinas, three main regions, and Mississippi. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Determined by white and ragtime folk music, it is more melodic than the Mississippi and Texas styles.
High, sharp singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist generally of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most powerful and is the most intense of the three styles. Vocally, it is the most language-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a bottleneck or a slide is regularly used. The Mississippi style is symbolized by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher The Palms 4570 Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photos]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women like Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is called classic blues.
The World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographic dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adjusted to the more sophisticated urban surroundings. The electric guitar and the harmonica that was amplified created a driving sound of great rhythmic and psychological intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities where the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis.
It was Chicago, nonetheless, that played the greatest role in the development of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers.
Many other musical styles have been influenced by the blues. Jazz and blues are closely associated; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong within their music. Soul music and rhythm and blues additionally reveal apparent blues tonalities and forms. The blues have had their biggest effect on rock music.
Rock singers such as Elvis Presley frequently used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and especially the Rolling Stones, were powerfully influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4570 The Palms Queensland