Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4403 West Prairie
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s among the most important influences on the development of popular music throughout the USA.
Although instrumental accompaniment is virtually worldwide in the blues, the blues is basically a a type that is vocal. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; feelings are being expressed by blues vocalists rather than telling stories. The emotion expressed is usually one of melancholy or depression, commonly due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques for example melisma (keeping up just one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques including syncopation, and instrumental techniques for example “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or implementing a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
Typically the first two and a half measures of each line are dedicated to the last measure, singing and a half consisting of an instrumental “break” that repeats, responses, or complements the vocal line.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4403 West Prairie.
African influences are obvious in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the falsetto break in the vocal style, the repeated refrain structure of the blues stanza, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, especially the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are poorly documented. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and mostly played blues.
The first references to blues date s back to the 1890s and early 1900. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became quite popular, and then many other Tin Pan Alley songs entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Pictures]The rural blues developed in Georgia, three principal areas and the Carolinas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Determined by ragtime and white folk music, it is more melodic than the Mississippi and Texas styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
The Texas blues is characterized by high, sharp singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist typically of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was by far the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most powerful and is the most extreme of the three styles. Vocally, it truly is the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a slide or bottleneck is regularly used. The Mississippi style is symbolized by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4403 West Prairie Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Pictures]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women including Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were primarily stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is referred to as classic blues.
The Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographical dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adapted to the more complex urban environment. The amplified harmonica and the electric guitar created a driving sound of great rhythmic and emotional intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities where the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis.
It was Chicago, however, that played the greatest part in the development of urban blues.
Many other musical styles have been influenced by the blues. Jazz and blues are closely linked; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton in their music. Soul music and rhythm and blues also reveal apparent blues tonalities and shapes. The blues have had their largest impact on rock music.
Rock singers like Elvis Presley regularly used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and notably the Rolling Stones, were strongly influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher West Prairie 4403 Queensland