Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4357 Woondul
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most significant influences on the development of popular music throughout America.
Although instrumental accompaniment is almost worldwide in the blues, the blues is basically a vocal form. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; feelings are being expressed by blues vocalists instead of telling stories. The emotion expressed is normally one of melancholy or sadness, commonly due to difficulties in love.
As a musical style, the blues is defined by expressive “microtonal” pitch inflections (blue notes), a three-line textual stanza of the form AAB, and a 12-measure form. Normally the first two and a half measures of each line are devoted to the last measure, singing and a half comprising an instrumental “break” that repeats, answers, or complements the vocal line.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Woondul 4357 Queensland.
African influences are apparent in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the repeated refrain arrangement of the blues stanza, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, especially the guitar and harmonica.
The origins of the blues are poorly documented. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). Blues derived from and was mostly played by Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers.
The earliest references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became very popular, and then many other Tin Pan Alley tunes entitled blues started to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photographs]The rural blues developed in Mississippi, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and three main areas. The blues of Georgia and the Carolinas is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Determined by ragtime and white folk music, it’s more melodic than the Mississippi and Texas styles.
High, clear singing accompanied by supple guitar lines that consist generally of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was by far the most powerful Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues has been the most influential and is the most intense of the three styles. Vocally, it’s the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a bottleneck or a slide is frequently used. The Mississippi style is represented by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4357 Woondul Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Pictures]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women including Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were mainly stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is referred to as classic blues.
As millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North the World Wars and the Great Depression caused the geographic dispersal of the blues. The blues became adjusted to the more sophisticated urban surroundings. The harmonica that was amplified and the electric guitar created a driving sound of rhythmic and emotional intensity that was great.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: John Lee Hooker settled in Detroit, and on the West Coast Aaron (“T-Bone”) Walker developed a style later adopted by Riley (“B.B.”) King.
It was Chicago, nonetheless, that played the greatest role in the growth of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers.
Many other musical styles have been affected by the blues. Jazz and blues are closely connected; such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong employed blues elements within their music. Rhythm and soul music and blues also show forms and apparent blues tonalities. The blues have had their largest effect on rock music.
Early rock singers for example Elvis Presley often used blues material. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and notably the Rolling Stones, were strongly influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4357 Woondul Queensland