Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4213 Worongary Queensland
From its origin in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most significant influences on the development of popular music throughout America.
Although instrumental accompaniment is nearly worldwide in the blues, the blues is basically a vocal form. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; blues vocalists are expressing feelings instead of telling stories. The emotion expressed is normally one of depression or melancholy, often due to difficulties in love.
To express this musically, blues performers use vocal techniques for example melisma (keeping up one syllable across several pitches), rhythmic techniques including syncopation, and instrumental techniques such as “choking” or bending guitar strings on the neck or implementing a metal slide or bottleneck to the guitar strings to create a whining, voice-like sound.
Commonly the first two and a half measures of each line are dedicated to a half, the last measure and singing consisting of an instrumental “break” that complements the vocal line, answers, or repeats. In terms of practical (i.e., traditional European) harmony, the most straightforward blues harmonic progression is described as follows (I, IV, and V refer respectively to the first or tonic, fourth or subdominant, and fifth or dominant notes of the scale):
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Worongary 4213 Queensland.
African influences are apparent in the blues tonality, the call and response pattern of the repeated refrain construction of the blues stanza, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The sources of the blues are poorly recorded. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). It was influenced by work songs and field hollers, minstrel show music, ragtime, church music, and the folk and popular music of the white inhabitants. Blues derived from and was mainly played by Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers.
The first references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was released. It became very popular, and then many other Tin Pan Alley tunes entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photos]The rural blues grown in three main areas, Georgia and the Carolinas, Texas, and Mississippi. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of beat. Influenced by ragtime and white folk music, it’s more melodic than the Texas and Mississippi styles.
The Texas blues is characterized by high, sharp singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist usually of single -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most extreme of the three styles and has been the most powerful. Vocally, it truly is the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is percussive and rhythmic; a slide or bottleneck is frequently used. The Mississippi style is signified by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4213 Worongary Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Pictures]The first blues records were made in the 1920s by black women including Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Mamie Smith. These performers were mostly stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is called classic blues.
The Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographic dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adapted to the more advanced urban surroundings. The amplified harmonica and the electric guitar created a driving sound of great psychological and rhythmic intensity.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities where the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis.
It was Chicago, however, that played the greatest role in the growth of urban blues. After World War II they were supplanted by a brand new generation of bluesmen that contained Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
Many other musical styles have been influenced by the blues. Jazz and blues are closely connected; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong within their music. Soul music and rhythm and blues additionally reveal shapes and apparent blues tonalities. The blues have had their largest effect on rock music.
Early rock singers like Elvis Presley frequently used blues content. British rock musicians in the 1960s, John Mayall, Eric Clapton, and notably the Rolling Stones, were strongly affected by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Queensland 4213 Worongary