Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Stones Corner 4120 Queensland
From its source in the South, the blues’ simple but expressive forms had become by the 1960s one of the most significant influences on the growth of popular music throughout the United States.
Although instrumental accompaniment is nearly universal in the blues, the blues is essentially a a form that is vocal. Blues tunes are lyrical rather than narrative; feelings are being expressed by blues vocalists as opposed to telling stories. The emotion expressed is typically one of melancholy or sadness, commonly due to difficulties in love.
Normally the first two and a half measures of each line are committed to a half, the last measure and singing consisting of an instrumental “break” that complements the vocal line, answers, or recurs.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher Stones Corner 4120 Queensland.
African influences are apparent in the blues tonality, the call-and-response pattern of the imitation of vocal idioms by instruments, the falsetto break in the vocal style, and the repeated refrain arrangement of the blues stanza, particularly the guitar and harmonica.
The origins of the blues are poorly recorded. Blues developed in the southern United States after the American Civil War (1861–65). Southern black men, most of whom came from the milieu of agricultural workers derived from and mainly played blues.
The first references to blues date back to the 1890s and early 1900s. In 1912 black bandleader W.C. Handy’s composition “Memphis Blues” was published. It became very popular, and thereafter many other Tin Pan Alley tunes entitled blues began to appear.
Jefferson, Blind Lemon [Credit: Archive Photographs]The rural blues grown in Texas, Georgia and the Carolinas, three main areas, and Mississippi. The blues of the Carolinas and Georgia is noted for its clarity of enunciation and regularity of rhythm. Influenced by white and ragtime folk music, it’s more melodic than the Mississippi and Texas styles. Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller were representative of this style.
High, sharp singing followed by supple guitar lines that consist generally of single characterizes the Texas blues -string picked arpeggios rather than strummed chords. Blind Lemon Jefferson was the most influential Texas bluesman. Mississippi Delta blues is the most extreme of the three styles and has been the most influential. Vocally, it’s the most speech-like, and the guitar accompaniment is rhythmic and percussive; a bottleneck or a slide is frequently used. The Mississippi style is signified by Charley Patton, Eddie (“Son”) House, and Robert Johnson, among others.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4120 Stones Corner Queensland.
Rainey, Ma [Credit: Archive Photos]The first blues recordings were made in the 1920s by black women like Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, and Bessie Smith. These performers were mainly stage singers backed by jazz bands; their style is called classic blues.
The Great Depression and the World Wars caused the geographic dispersal of the blues as millions of blacks left the South for the cities of the North. The blues became adjusted to the more complex urban surroundings. Lyrics took up urban themes, and the blues ensemble developed as the solo bluesman was joined by a pianist or harmonica player and then by a rhythm section consisting of bass and drums. The electric guitar and the amplified harmonica created a driving sound of rhythmic and emotional intensity that was great.
Hooker, John Lee [Credit: Frank Driggs Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images]Among the cities where the blues initially took root were Atlanta, Memphis, and St. Louis. John Lee Hooker settled in Detroit, and on the West Coast Aaron (“T-Bone”) Walker developed a style later adopted by Riley (“B.B.”) King.
It was Chicago, however, that played the greatest part in the growth of urban blues. In the 1920s and ’30s Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Big Bill Broonzy, and John Lee (“Sonny Boy”) Williamson were popular Chicago performers. After World War II they were supplanted by a brand new generation of bluesmen that included Muddy Waters, Chester Arthur Burnett (Howlin’ Wolf), Elmore James, Little Walter Jacobs, Buddy Guy, and Koko Taylor.
Many other musical styles have been influenced by the blues. Jazz and blues are closely linked; blues elements were employed by such seminal jazzmen as Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong in their music. Soul music and rhythm and blues additionally reveal forms and apparent blues tonalities. The blues have had their greatest impact on rock music.
Early rock singers like Elvis Presley often used blues material. British rock musicians in the 1960s, notably the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, and John Mayall, were strongly influenced by the blues, as were such American rock musicians as Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Acoustic Blues Guitar Teacher 4120 Stones Corner Queensland